One of the most important factors in the development of civil society in the country is the development of local government. The article presents a comparative analysis of the basic models of local government: Anglo-Saxon (American) and Continental (European). The Anglo-Saxon model is extended to the UK, the USA, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, etc. The Continental model is extended in the countries of Continental Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium) and in the majority of the countries of Latin America, the Middle East and French-speaking Africa. In Germany, Austria, Japan, in some post-socialist and developing countries there are mixed models, which incorporated the different traits of the Anglo-Saxon and Continental.