In the author’s abstract the basic results which have been received during carrying out of dissertational research for obtaining the Ph.D. in Economics were shown. Scientific novelty of dissertational research consists in working out of author’s method of an estimation of asymmetry of regional municipalities; revealing of economic and institutional asymmetry, social and economic asymmetry of development of regional municipalities; correcting of a regional policy of asymmetrically developing region on the basis of the mechanism for smoothing of unevenness in development of region’s territories.