The theoretical and practical importance of dissertational results consists in working out of conceptual positions, method of an estimation of territorial asymmetry and recommendations about correcting of a regional policy of asymmetrically developing region. Materials and conclusions of dissertational research can be used by federal, regional, municipal authorities at an estimation of asymmetry of territorial development; at creation of programs for smoothing of regional asymmetry; at formation of strategies of social and economic development of regions and municipalities. Besides, higher educational institutions can use dissertational results for preparation of experts in regional and municipal economy, the state and municipal management.